العهد الدولي الخاص بالحقوق الاقتصادية الصادر عن الجمعية العامة . للأمم المتحدة لعام 1966

عثمان بكر محمد MQ11AG731

Abstract


This research is aimed at studying the International Covenant on Economic, Social and
Cultural Rights issued and adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1966 and
comparing it with the Islamic dictates with specific description on the areas of similarity and
dissimilarity coupled with analysis and critism, all in an effort to defend Islam from the western
critism as per as the economic rights are concern and also to assert and buttress several practical
aspects of Islamic economic system. However, the research has concluded that Islamic
economic system is divine in terms of originality, source and objectives taking into
consideration the benefits of both groups and individuals and its total consistence with the
dictates and objectives of shari’ah. Whereas economic rights in the perspectives of International
Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights are absolutely unrestricted. In addition,
Islam accords topmost priority and concern to generality, flexibility and the actual reality of
things to the extent that it considers the actual reality of economic gains that are consistent
with human ability and nature taking into account flexible legislations that will suit all
generations and nations in respective of time. In addition, the research has also concluded that
although the covenant in question has negated the teachings of Islam in some areas, it is also
discovered that there are some economic rights that concur with Islam such as right to work and
to choose the type of work that one prefers. Finally, it has been discovered that the covenant did
not give the required provision and explanation in respect of family and social rights as per as
economic rights are concern such as the economic rights between couples, parents and their
children among others.

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